Monterey Bay Marine Sanctuary includes
one of the largest and last remaining coastal wetland in California,
Slough. Located near the town of Mosslanding, Elkhorn Slough stretches
about 11 miles inland. Elkhorn slough does not connect
to a river and for most of the year does not have a fresh water
source. To be called a slough a waterway must be edged with marshy
muddy ground. During the winter season Elkhorn
slough transforms into an estuary as the Elkhorn waterway
mixes freshwater (in this case from rain run off) with saltwater.
slough provides excellent habitat for over 80 species of fishes
and 270 species of birds. Many of the birds that live in the slough
are migratory. The tide recedes twice a day exposing the mud flats.
Many thousands of worms, snails, crabs and clams live in the mud.
The animals that live in the mud flats provide an abundant food
source for all the fishes and birds the live in the slough.
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