Monterey County History

 



Mexican Rule in 1822

April 1822, marked the end of Spanish Rule as military officials and padres of the missions swore allegiance to Mexico. Mexican rule changed from the Spanish system where there were no privately owned land to a land grant system. The decline of the missions was accelerated by the land grant system and the secularization of the missions. Only ten families controlled most of the Old Monterey Counties thousands of acres of grazing lands. During this era there were a few American merchants that benefited from the brisk trade. Among the prominent merchants was Thomas Oliver Larkin. Mexican rule was an era of much turmoil, political rivalries and landowner squabbles.


Juan Bautista Alvarado

Monterey became the capital of California when 1836 a successful revolt led by Juan Bautista Alvarado against the appointed Mexicican governor. The capital of California was previously located in Los Angeles. The successful rebels declared "California a free and sovereign state."

 

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