indians of northern California made all of their baskets by twining.
Small willow shoots were used for the ribs of the basket. Strips
of root from pine, redwood, or spruce trees were used for twining.
Dark fern stems were used for black parts of the design of this
basket shown above. White grass was used for white parts of the
design. The design showed only on the outside of the basket. The
root twining material under the design made the basket strong.
Baskets slowly turned brown as the basket aged.
were used and bent up to form the sides of the basket. Willow
twigs were used because they bent easily. More twigs were added
to make the basket larger.
strips of twining root were soaked in water. Soaking made the
twining strips soft and easy to use.